Teaching and Learning the Virginia K-3 History and Social Sciences Standards of Learning













 






Grade Three
Introduction to History and Social Science

The standards for third grade students include an introduction to the heritage and contributions of the people of ancient Greece and Rome and the West African empire of Mali. Students should continue developing map skills and demonstrate an understanding of basic economic concepts. Students will explain the importance of the basic principles of democracy and identify the contributions of selected individuals. Students will recognize that Americans are a people who have diverse ethnic origins, customs, and traditions, who all contribute to American life, and who are united as Americans by common principles.

History
3.1 The student will explain how the contributions of ancient Greece and Rome have influenced the present world in terms of architecture, government (direct and representative democracy), and sports.
3.2 The student will study the early West African empire of Mali by describing its oral tradition (storytelling), government (kings), and economic development (trade).
3.3 The student will study the exploration of the Americas by
  a) describing the accomplishments of Christopher Columbus, Juan Ponce de Léon, Jacques Cartier, and Christopher Newport;
  b) identifying reasons for exploring, the information gained, the results of the travels, and the impact of these travels on American Indians.


Geography
3.4 The student will develop map skills by
  a) locating Greece, Rome, and West Africa;
  b) describing the physical and human characteristics of Greece, Rome, and West Africa;
  c) explaining how the people of Greece, Rome, and West Africa adapted to and/or changed their environment to meet their needs.
3.5 The student will develop map skills by
  a) positioning and labeling the seven continents and five oceans to create a world map;
  b) using the equator and prime meridian to identify the Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western Hemispheres;
  c) locating the countries of Spain, England, and France;
  d) locating the regions in the Americas explored by Christopher Columbus (San Salvador in the Bahamas), Juan Ponce de León (near St. Augustine, Florida), Jacques Cartier (near Québec, Canada), and Christopher Newport (Jamestown, Virginia);
  e) locating specific places using a simple letter-number grid system.
3.6 The student will read and construct maps, tables, graphs, and/or charts.

Economics
3.7 The student will explain how producers in ancient Greece, Rome, and the West African empire of Mali used natural resources, human resources, and capital resources in the production of goods and services.
3.8 The student will recognize that because people and regions cannot produce everything they want, they specialize in producing some things and trade for the rest.
3.9 The student will identify examples of making an economic choice and will explain the idea of opportunity cost (what is given up when making a choice).

Civics
3.10 The student will recognize the importance of government in the community, Virginia, and the United States of America by
  a) explaining the purpose of rules and laws;
  b) explaining that the basic purposes of government are to make laws, carry out laws, and decide if laws have been broken;
  c) explaining that government protects the rights and property of individuals.
3.11 The student will explain the importance of the basic principles that form the foundation of a republican form of government by
  a) describing the individual rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; and equality under the law;
  b) identifying the contributions of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, Rosa Parks, Thurgood Marshall, and Martin Luther King, Jr., and César Chávez;
  c) recognizing that Veterans Day and Memorial Day honor people who have served to protect the country’s freedoms;
  d) describing how people can serve the community, state, and nation.
3.12 The student will recognize that Americans are a people of diverse ethnic origins, customs, and traditions, who are united by the basic principles of a republican form of government and respect for individual rights and freedoms.


SUGGESTED INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES

Grade 3 Poster Sets

Melissa N. Matusevich, Ed.D., a curriculum and instruction specialist, created these poster sets and has given permission for them to be posted on this Web site. For more information and resources, see her Web site at http://chumby.dlib.vt.edu/melissa/posters/posterset.html. At her Web site, she includes tips about how to use these social studies posters effectively. These pdf files contain postcard-sized images of the standards.

3-EarlyCiv-1.pdf
How People of Ancient Civilizations Adapted to Their Environments
Human Characteristics of Ancient Civilizations

3-EarlyCiv-2.pdf
Timbuktu in Mali
Trade in Mali
Art in Mali
Kings of Mali

3-EarlyCiv.3.pdf
Colosseum in Rome
Parthenon in Greece
Mosaic
Roman Aqueduct

3-Economics-1.pdf
Producers and Consumers
Resources
Opportunity Cost
Goods and Services

3-Economics-2.pdf
Economic Interdependence in Virginia
Economic Specialization in Virginia

3-Explorers.pdf
Christopher Columbus
Juan Ponce de Leon
Christopher Newport
Jacques Cartier

3-FamousAmericans-1.pdf
Rosa Parks
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Thurgood Marshall
Thomas Jefferson

3-FamousAmericans-2.pdf
Abraham Lincoln
George Washington

3-Civics.pdf
Memorial Day
Veteranís Day

3-Geography.pdf
Location of Places in the New World
Location of Ancient Civilizations
Land of Ancient Civilizations
Mali (description of country with map)

Grade Three History and Social Science Review Cards

This Word document contains simple questions and answers or graphics that would be useful for a review of the grade 3 standards.

2008 Grade 3 Refrigerator Card for SOL Home Review

CLICK HERE for a pdf file of the Grade Three Introduction to History and Social Science Refrigerator Card for SOL Home Review.